Kurdish Language
June 13, 2022, 8:25 p.m.

College of languages

Kurdish Language Department

Head of the Department

Dr. Sulaiman Ismail Rajab

E-mail: suliman.rajab@uod.ac

Historical summary about the Kurdish Language Department:

The Department of Kurdish Language and Literature, with the establishment of the University of Duhok in 1994, it was opened in an academic and scientific manner as a department affiliated to the College of Arts and continued until 2006, when the department became affiliated with the College of Languages ​​and separated from the College of Humanities and is still continuing until now. Students are accepted annually in the three levels of Bachelor's, Master's and Doctorate. The undergraduate study system in this department consists of four years, and each year consists of two semesters, with 8 semesters as whole. In the end, the student obtains a bachelor's degree in Kurdish language and literature. Also, students in this department can continue their postgraduate studies at the master’s and doctoral levels with two specialists (general specialization of language and general specialization of literature), each of which falls into many specific and precise specializations that students can study. The master’s study began in the year 2000 in this department, and the doctoral study began in the year 2011, and so far, students are accepted in both specializations and at both academic levels, and the study is continuing. In this department, there are a good number of qualified teachers with postgraduate degrees who teach at the department, and 21 teachers in this department have doctorate degrees, 2 of whom have their scientific title as Professor, and 15 of them have their scientific title as Assistant Professor, in addition to 20 teachers from holders of a master's degree, 10 of whom have the scientific title of teacher and 10 of whom have the title of assistant teacher.

Vision of the department:

The department's vision is to produce people specialized in the field of Kurdish language and literature to try to develop the Kurdish language, because the language issue is related to national security, especially in light of this current sensitive situation. We also seek to give more attempts to further serve the Kurdish language by continuing education and academic research in the field of the Kurdish language, so that the Kurdish language does not break from the evolving movement of international languages. The other goal is for the Kurdish language to become, like other international languages, the language of science and knowledge, and to open important centers for learning the Kurdish language in foreign countries in order to learn more closely about Kurdish culture, history, dictionary and civilization. The time has come for us, as Kurds, to translate, through scientific products, as well as through specialists in the Kurdish language and literature, the Kurdish language and literature into foreign languages ​​in order to deliver them to the whole world and to introduce our culture and our view to the whole world. This is because language and literature in all countries are among the most important axes for defining the identity, culture and civilization of the country. Therefore, for us as Kurds, in addition to the scientific value of language and literature, there is a national value as well, because through our language and literature we must defend our identity, culture and existence. Thus, the people who work in this field and who will come to this department in the future should carry out this task with Kurdish beliefs and ideas. Undoubtedly, a nation that does not pay attention to its language and literature in terms of defining its identity and culture is a backward nation. Likewise, countries that were unable to defend their culture and identity, the reason is that they were not able to define their language and literature as they should and looked down on their language and literature. Therefore, it is very important for us as Kurds to serve our language and literature better and to make them known for others. Bearing this burden is considered heavy and full of responsibility, but with that we must be aware that this service to our country and our nation is a great service.

Mission of the department:

The department's mission is to provide a study program in order to obtain a bachelor's degree, a master's degree and a doctorate, with a specialist in literature and language in the field of Kurdish literature and language. This program consists of lectures and modern study in detail about the specialization of literature in stages, types and literary fields, as well as language at the three levels, in addition to an attempt to provide students with experience in practical aspects, criticism and analysis in a sophisticated manner in order to carry out successful work and gain an expanded knowledge. Certainly, the interest in the Kurdish language is according to the theories by which world languages ​​are analyzed, and the application of these theories to the Kurdish language better shows us the negative and positive aspects of the Kurdish language. On the other hand, this thing is considered an interest in literature and educating students about the methods and foundations of criticism and world literature and analyzing Kurdish texts and literary topics according to these theories and methods with the aim of enabling students from this aspect to serve the Kurdish language and literature.

The labor market for graduates of the department:

Of course, the labor market for this department is different from the rest of the departments, but despite that, the chances of finding work for this department are more related to government institutions, because the places where graduates of this department work are mostly affiliated with government agencies. But perhaps there are other job opportunities related to the capabilities and skills of graduates. After the student graduates from this department, he/she is able to work as a teacher in a particular school in order to take charge of the Kurdish language and literature lectures that are studied at all academic levels up to the twelfth grade in schools affiliated with the Ministry of Education. Also, graduates can work as a literary critic, writer, translator or researcher in a cultural or educational center. Graduates can also work in the field of language assessment in a government institution, especially media institutions, as well as in offices and printing and publishing institutions. Therefore, the best place to work after graduation is the work of teaching, printing, publishing and media institutions for graduates of this department, where they can work in literary programs on radio and television and in cultural centers in all departments and ministries in the country.

Objective of the department:

The main objective of establishing the department is to prepare students about linguistic capabilities and prepare the foundations for cultural and literary lessons in the field of Kurdish language and literature, in order to continue developing the study process and strengthening the scientific movement on an academic basis. Another goal of the department is also to develop the cultural level of students and to develop their scientific foundations, especially in the necessary fields related to Kurdish culture. Gaining the necessary information on the basis of strong and mother tongue and using scientific language in order to serve the Kurdish language and literature is also one of the goals of the department.

The study credits:

First Year / Semester 1

N Subject code Name of subject Credits Number of hours Theoretical Practical 1 Kl1101 Phonetics 2 2   2 Kl1102 Introduction to language 3 3   3 Kl1103 Folklore Literature1 3 3   4 Kl1104 Literary Texts 3 3   5 Kl1105 English language1 2 2   6 Kl1106 Academic Debate 3 1 2 Total credits 16 14 2 16

First Year / Semester 2

N Subject code Name of subject Credits Number of hours Theoretical Practical 1 Kl2101 phonology 2 2   2 Kl2102 grammar 3 3   3 Kl2103 Folklore Literature2 3 3   4 Kl2104 methods of research 3 3   5 Kl2105 English language2 2 2   6 Kl2106 Computer 3 1 2 Total credits 16 14 2 16

Second Year / Semester 1

N Subject code Name of subject Credits Number of hours Theoretical Practical 1 Kl1201 Prosody meter 2 2   2 Kl1202 Literary Methods 3 3   3 Kl1203 Literature Theory 3 3   4 Kl1204 Morphology1 2 2   5 Kl1205 Lexicology 3 3   6 Kl1206 Dialectology 3 3   Total credits 16 16   16

Second Year / Semester 2

N Subject code Name of subject Credits Number of hours Theoretical Practical 1 Kl2201 Satirical meter 2 2   2 Kl2202 Ancient Literature 3 3   3 Kl2203 Expression and composition 3 3   4 Kl2204 Morphology2 2 2   5 Kl2205 Kurdish Culture 3 3   6 Kl2206 Arabic Language 3 3   Total credits 16 16   16

Third Year / Semester 1

N Subject code Name of subject Credits Number of hours Theoretical Practical 1 Kl3101 Theories of criticism 1 3 3   2 Kl3102 Rhetoric 3 3   3 Kl3103 Syntax 1 3 3   4 Kl3104 Modern literature 3 3   5 Kl3105 Theories of Language 1 2 2   6 Kl3106 Persian Language1 2 2   Total credits 16 16   16

Third Year / Semester 2

N Subject code Name of subject Credits Number of hours Theoretical Practical 1 Kl3201 Theories of criticism2 3 3   2 Kl3202 Literary Stylistics 3 3   3 Kl3203 Theoretical Linguistics 3 3   4 Kl3204 Syntax2 3 3   5 Kl3205 Theories of Language2 2 2   6 Kl3206 Persian Language2 2 2   Total credits 16 16   16

Fourth Year / Semester 1

N Subject code Name of subject Credits Number of hours Theoretical Practical 1 Kl4101 Contemporary Literature 1 2 2   2 Kl4102 Comparative Literature 1 2 2   3 Kl4103 Practical Criticism 1 3 3   4 Kl4104 Semantics 1 3 3   5 Kl4105 Practical Linguistics 3 3   6 Kl4106 Persian Literature 3 3   Total credits 16 16   16

Fourth Year / Semester 2

N Subject code Name of subject Credits Number of hours Theoretical Practical 1 Kl4201 Contemporary Literature2 2 2   2 Kl4202 Comparative Literature 2 2 2   3 Kl4203 Practical Criticism 2 3 3   4 Kl4204 Semantics 2 3 3   5 Kl4205 Translation 3 3   6 Kl4206 Research project 3 0 3 Total credits 16 13 3 16