The department was established by the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research decree No. 667 on June 17th, 2012; and by the University of Duhok decree No. 4663 on June 24th, 2012 at the College of Agriculture Campus at Sumail which is located 15 km west of Duhok city.
The department's aim is to optimize the utilization of natural resources including suitable growth conditions (climatic e.g. temperature, moisture, etc., and soil characteristics) to expand growing strategic field crops such as cereal and legume crops, wheat, and rice, in particular, to close the gap between actual needs and consumption to achieve food security and preparing human resources and their training and development to achieve this goal, and to optimize their requirements through the implementation of recent technologies during all steps of crop production, either before or after cultural practices which are based on understanding the interaction between the plant and the environment and how and why plant grow and develop. Also, to manipulate the plants and their external conditions for better growth and development and to enhance crop productivity and quality. Such cultural practices include utilizing certified seeds, field management, weed and pest control, irrigation, fertilization, harvesting, and storing. The breeding program also must be involved in improving these crops concerning the yield, quality, and related characteristics.
The department also offers a 4-year B.Sc. degree in Field Crops and a 2-year MSc as well a Ph.D. program.